Adelaide Fries Winston-Salem historian
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Born in 1871, Adelaide Fries was a local historian representing an example of Moravian history and literature. She lived and worked in what is now called “Winston-Salem,” and published several books from the 1920s to the 1940s, some of which covered Moravian history going back to the 1700s. Her most popular book was The Road to Salem, for which she served as editor of a compilation of local history stories. The historian, writer and editor was also known for lively presentations to audiences of all ages.

To see a list of books written or edited by Adelaide Fries, click here:

The Moravians were a religious group who migrated to North Carolina where they set up their own community. Learn more about Moravians here: and

Today, Winston-Salem has a population of approximately 250,000. The number of residents has been steadily increasing over the past 50 years, according to the Winston-Salem Journal. It is the fifth largest city in North Carolina (the largest city is Charlotte).

The town of Old Salem, that was her home, remains an authentic historic Moravian settlement that is fun to visit. We liked dining at the Tavern, eating sweets from the bakery, and visiting the museum that had a place where children could play dress-up and enjoy a puppet show. At various times of day, the aroma of fresh-baked pastries wafts all the way down the street! Watch a video about a Moravian bakery in Old Salem here:

WInston-Salem is also known as the home of Salem College, which was founded in 1772. Along with Salem Academy, it is the oldest girls and women’s educational institution in the US. Read about it here:


Another important author, Maya Angelou, lived in Winston-Salem as well. You can read about her in our Arkansas section.

Salem is the fifth stop on our North Carolina Trail!

Patricia Smart